Continuing our journey into the medieval past, daughter Sophie and I recently visited Skipton Castle to learn more about our English history.
The imposing castle dates from 1090 and was built on the site of a Roman fort. Later the building was strengthened and fortified by Robert Clifford, the first Lord of Skipton after he was granted the castle by King Edward II
Lady Anne Clifford was born in the castle in 1590, her father intended her to inherit the property, however, her uncle inherited, and it was not until she reached the age of 53 that she finally inherited her castle from her cousin.
The Clifford family were Royalists and Lady Anne was mistress here during the English Civil War.
The English Civil War 1642 – 1651 – Roundheads v Royalists
As the name suggest, the Royalists were supporters of King Charles and the Monarchy. The Roundheads were Parliamentarians, supporters of a mostly Puritan Parliament including Oliver Cromwell.
Charles I ruled England without Parliament for eleven years, an era that became known as the ‘Eleven year Tyranny’ .
The Civil war broke out in 1642 and during that time there were only three major battles.
In 1644, The King lost control of the north of England at the Battle of Marston Moor.
The Royalists were no match for the joint armies of Parliament and the recruited Scots, which led to a Royalists defeat.